PERUBAHAN PARADIGMA POLITIK HUKUM HAK KEKAYAAN INTELEKTUAL(HKI)UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN DAYA SAING NASIONAL: STUDI PERLINDUNGAN RAHASIA DAGANG BIDANG OBAT-OBATAN TRADISIONAL

Suparno Suparno

Abstract


Paradigm Change of Political Law of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) to Materialize the National Competitiveness: the Study of Trade Secret Protection in the Field of Traditional Medicine.

Research and discussion regarding legal political paradigm change on Law of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in Indonesia, especially trade secrets in the field of traditional medicine was important, at least for three problems. Firstly, why paradigm of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in Indonesia was to change. Secondly, what efforts had be done by the Indonesian government in these changes, so that they created national competitiveness. Thirdly, whether or not the legal culture of Indonesian people accepted the trade secret protection of traditional medicine sector.

This research used three research methods, i.e. normative, qualitative, and comparative. First, normative juridical methods focussed on the study of the legal norms that contained laws and regulations, international conventions, treaties, court decisions, and living legal norms in society. Second, in addition to legislation, international conventions and treaties, this study also exposed the people’s views on the protection of trade secrets in the field of traditional medicine. On this level, the research was carried out by using the qualitative method. This method referred to the research procedure intended to provide a picture of the data in depth from all aspects (holistic). Third, the study also included comparison information with some other countries in the same way, particularly with regard to the system and mechanism of protection in the field of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).

The research and analysis results showed several new findings: First, the Indonesia Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) paradigm based on Pancasila as the philosophical foundation, the Constitution 1945 was functioned as the Juridical foundation and social realities of Indonesia as a sociological foundation. Second, the Indonesia Government’s efforts in these changes were done, made, and alligned so as the the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) legal system derived from western was individualistic in nature that was not appropriate to provide protection against traditional knowledge where the owners were more communal or collective. Third, traditional society’s legal culture had not fully covered the need for protection arrangements of trade secret as they still were in traditional agrarian public relations.

Finally, the researcher argued that togetherness and spiritualism philosophy embraced by the Indonesian society created values for the citizen’s intellectual superiority in form of traditional medicine knowledge should not have been monopolized by only those knowledgable parties.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Hakim Garuda Nusantara, Politik Hukum Indonesia, Yayasan LBHI, Jakarta, 1988.

Abbott, Frederick et al. The International Intellectual Property System: Com-mentary and Materials, Part One. Kluwer Law International, 1999.

Achmad Zen Umar Purba, Hak Kekayaan Intelektual Pasca TRIPs, Alumni, Bandung, 2005.

Ade Saptomo, Budaya Hukum dan Kea-rifan Lokal, Sebuah Perspektif Per-bandingan, Jakarta: Fakultas Hu-kum Universitas Pancasila Press, 2014.

Ahmad Ali, Menguak Tabir Hukum, Gha-lia Indonesia, Bogor Selatan, 2008.

Agus Sardjono, Hak Kekayaan Intelektual dan Penngetahuan Tradisional, Alumni, Bandung, 2006.

Amiruddin & Zainal Asikin, Pengantar Metode Penelitian Hukum, Perceta-kan Karisma Putra Utama Offset, 2004.

As’ad Said Ali, Negara Pancasila Jalan Kemaslahatan Berbangsa, LP3ES, Jakarta, 2009.

Atiyah, P.S. The Rise crud Fall of Freedom of Contract. Oxford University Press, 1988.

Bachtiar, Harsja Q “The Religion 'of Java: Sebuodi Komentar”, Majalah Ilmu-ilmu Sastra Indonesia, Jilid V No. 1, Januari 1973.

Bintan R. Saragih, Politik Hukum, CV Utomo, Bandung, 2006.

Blakeney, Michael, Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights: A Con-cise Guide to the TRIPS Agreement, Sweet & Maxwell, London, 1996.

Blakeney, Michael. “Bioprospecting and Protection of Traditional Medical Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples: An Australian Perspective”, Euro-pean Intellectual Property Review. Vol. 19, June 1997.

Budiarto, M, Dasar-Dasar Integrasi Eko-nomi dan Harmonisasi Hukum Masya-rakat Eropa, CV Akademika Pres-sindo, Jakarta, 1991.

Cita. Citra Winda Priapanca, Budaya Hukum Indonesia Menghadapi Globalisasi, Jakarta, 1999.

Chand, Hari. Modern Jurisprudence. Kuala Lumpur. International Law Book Series, 1994.

Christie, Gordon. “Aboriginal Rights, Aboriginal Culture, and Protection,” Osgoode Hall Law Journal Vol. 36, No. 3, 1998.

Cornish, W.R, Intellectual Property, London Sweet and Maxwell, 1989.

Cornea, Carlos M. Intellectual Property Rights, the T'I'CO and Developing Countries: The TRIPS Agreement and Policy Options, Penang. Third World Network, 2000.

Curzon, L.B. Jurisprudence. London. Caven-dish Publishing Limited, 1993.

Daliyo, J.B. dan Tim, Pengantar Hukum In-donesia, PT Prenhalindo, Jakarta, 2001.

David, Rene & John E.C. Brierley, Major Legal Systems in the World Today, 3rd ed. London: Stevens & Sons, 1985.

Debeljak, Julie. “Barriers to the Recognition of Indigenous Peoples' Human Rights at the United Nations”, Monash University Law Review. Vol. 2.6 No. 1, 2000.

Denim, Norman K. &'Y onna S. Lincoln. Handbook of Qualitative Research. Sage Publications, 1994.

Dreyfuss, Rochelle Cooper & Diane L. Zimmerman, “Convenors' Introdu-ction: The Culture and Economics of Participation inn an International Intellectual Property Regime”, Inter-national Law and Politics. Vol. 29, 1996-1997.

Duff eld, Graham. “TRIPs-Related Aspects of Traditional Knowledge”, Case W Res. Journal of International Law. Vol. 33, 2001.

Eddy Damian, Hukum Hak Cipta, Edisi Kedua Cetakan Ke-3, Alumni, Ban-dung, 2005.

Efriza, Ilmu Politik Dari Ilmu Politik Sampai Sistem Pemerintahan, Alfabeta, Ban-dung, 2008.

Elips, Kamus Hukum Ekonomi Elips, Elips, Jakarta, 1997.

Eleftheriadis, Pavlas “The Analysis of Property Rights”, C}xford Journal of Legal Studies. Vol. 16, Spring 1996.

Faisal Santiago, Pengantar Hukum Bisnis. Jakarta: Mitra Wacana Media. 2012

Freeman, M.D.A. Lioyd's Introduction to Jurisprudence, 6th ed. London: Sweet & Maxwell Ltd., 1994.

Friedman, Lawrence M. American Law, W.W. Norton & Company, 1984.

Green Mind Community, Teori dan Po/itik Hukum Tata Negara, Total Media, Yogyakarta, 2008.

Hira Jhamtani, WTO dan Penjajahan Kembali Dunia Ke Tiga, Insist Press, Yogyakarta, 2005.

Imam Syaukani dan A. Ahsin Thohari, Dasar-Dasar Politik Hukum, Raja-wali Press, Jakarta, 2008.

Inu Kencana Syafiie, Ilmu Politik, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta, 1997.

Jawahir Thontowi dan Praoto Iskandar, Hukum Internasional Kontemporer, PT Refika Aditama, Bandung, 2006.

Jimly Asshiddiqie, Agenda Pembangunan Hukum Nasional di Abad Globa-lisasi, Balai Pustaka, Jakarta, 1998.

______, Ideologi, Pancasila dan Kon-stitusi, Mahkamah Konstitusi RI, Jakarta, 2004.

Johnny Ibrahim, Teori dan Metodologi Penelitian Hukum Normatif, Bayu-media Publishing, Malang, 2006.

Jujun S. Suriasumantri, Filsafat Ilmu Sebuah Pengantar Populer, Sinar Harapan, Jakarta, 1990.

Kartadjoemena, GATT, WTO dan Hasil Uruguay Round, UI Pers, Jakarta, 1997.

Kholid O. Santosa, Paradigma Baru Mema-hami Pancasila dan UUD 1945, Sega Arsy, Bandung, 2007.

Kusnu Goesniadhie, Harmonisasi Hukum Dalam Perspektif Perundang¬-undangan (LexSpesialisSuatu Masalah, JP Books, Surabaya, 2006.

Mahadi, Hak Milik Imateril, BPHN, Bina Cipta, Jakarta, 1985

Washington DC, 1993.

Marni Emmy Mustafa, Prinsip-Prinsip Be-racara Dalam Penegakan Hukum Paten dl Indonesia Dikaitkan Dengan TRIPS-WTO, Alumni, Bandung, 2007.

Matthews, Duncam, Globalisinq Intellectual Property Rights: The TRIPS Agree-ment, Routledge, London, 2002.

May T, Rudy, Pengantar I/mu Politik, Wa-wasan Pemikiran dan Kegunaannya, Refika Aditama, Bandung, 2003.

______,Hukum Internasional 1, Refika Adi-tama, Bandung, 2006.

M. Jamiluddin Ritonga, Riset Kehumasan, PT. Grasindo Anggota Ikapi, 2004.

McManis, Charles R, Intellectual Property and Unfair Competition, Thomson West Group, St. Paul, MN.

Mochtar Kusumaatmadja, Konsep-Konsep Hukum Dalam Pembangunan (Kum-pulan Karya Tulis), Alumni, Bandung, 2006.

Moh. Mahfud MD, Politik Hukum Di Indonesia, Pustaka LP3ES Indonesia, Jakarta, 1998.

Muhammad Djumhana dan R. Djubaedillah, Hak Milik Intelektual Sejarah, Teori dan Prakteknya Di Indonesia, Citra Aditya Bakti, Bandung, 1997.

Muhammad Djumhana, Perkembangan Doktrin dan Teori Perlindungan Hak Kekayaan Intelektual, Citra Aditya Bakti, Bandung, 2006.

Mukthie Fadjar, Tipe Negara Hukum, Bayu Media, Malang, 2005.

Notonagoro, Pancasila Secara Ilmiah Popu-ler, CV Pancuran Tujuh, Jakarta, 1975.

Oentoeng Soerapati, Hukum Hak Kekayaan Intelektual dan Alih Teknologi, Fakul-tas Hukum Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, Salatiga, 1999.

Otto Hasibuan, Hak Cipta Di Indonesia Tinjauan Khusus Hak Cipta Lagu, Neighbouring Rights dan Collecting Society, Alumni, Bandung, 2008.

Padmo Wahjono, Indonesia Negara Berda-sarkan Atas Hukum, Ghalia Indonesia, Jakarta, 1983.

______, Pembangunan Hukum Di Indo-nesia, Ind-Hill Co, Jakarta, 1989.

Peter Mahmud Marzuki, Penelitian Hukum, Cetakan ke-7, Percetakan Fajar In-terpratama Offset, 2005.

Perwakilan Tetap Republik Indonesia (PTRI), Laporan Sidang Reguler TRIPS Council Tanggal B- 9 Maret 2004, Jenewa, 11 Maret 2004.

Reynolds, Rocque dan Natalie Stoianoff, Intellectual Property, Text and Es-sential Cases, Second Edition, The Fe-deration Press, 2005, Sidney.

Richetson, Staniforth, The Law of Intellec-tual Property, The Book Company Limited, Sidney, 1984.

Rizal Muntasyir dan Misnal Munir, Filsafat Ilmu, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta, 2001.

Roland Robertson, Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture, Sage, London, 1992.

Ronny Hanitijo Soemitro, Perspektif Social Dalam Pemahaman Masalah¬ Masalah Hukum, CV Agung, Semarang, Tanpa Tahun.

Saidin, Aspek Hukum Hak Kekayaan Inte-lektual (Intellectual Property Right), Rajawali Pers, Jakarta, 1997.

Satjipto Rahardjo, Hukum dan Masyarakat, Angkasa, Bandung,1979.

Shengkar, Oded, Terjemahan Bahasa Indo-nesia oleh Rita Setyowati, The Chi-nesse Century, Bangkitnya Raksasa Cina dan Dampaknya Terhadap Perekonomian Global, BIP, Jakarta, 2007.

Shidarta, Karakteristik Penalaran Hukum Da/am Konteks Keindonesiaan, CV Utomo, Bandung, 2009.

Soediman Kartohadiprodjo, Pancasila dan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945, Bina Cipta, Bandung, 1968.

Soerjono Soekanto, Beberapa Permasalahan Hukum Dalam Kerangka Pembangunan Di Indonesia, Yayasan Penerbit UI, Jakarta, 1975.

Stiglitz, Joseph E, Making Globalization Work, W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, 2006.

______, Terjemahan Bahasa Indonesia oleh Edrijani Azwaldi, Making Globali-zation Work: Mensiasati Globalisasi Menuju Dunia yang Lebih Adil PT Mizan Pustaka, Bandung, 2006.

Sudargo Gautama, Segi-Segi Hukum Hak Milik Intelektual, PT. Eresco, Ban-dung,1995.

Sudikno Mertokusumo dan A. Pitlo, Bab-Bab Tentang Penemuan Hukum, PT Citra Aditya Bakti, Bandung, 1993.

Sudikno Mertokusumo, Mengenal Hukum Suatu Pengantar, Liberti, Yogyakarta, 2007.

Sumantoro, Masalah Pengaturan Alih Tek-nologi, Alumni, Bandung, 1993. Su-naryati Hartono, Po/itik Hukum Me-nuju Satu Sistem Hukum Nasional, Alumni, Bandung, 1991.

Tim Penyusun Pusat Bahasa, Kamus Bahasa Indonesia, Edisi 3, Balai Pustaka, 2007, Jakarta.

Tomi Suryo Utomo, Hak Kekayaan Inte-lektual Di Era Global., Sebuah Kajian Kontemporer, Graha Ilmu, Yogya-karta, 2010.

UNCTAD-ICTSD, Resource Book on TRIPS and Development, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPR_ and Sustainable Development, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2005.

Utrecht, E, Pengantar Hukum Administrasi Negara Indonesia, Balai Buku Ichtiar, Jakarta, 1962.

William, H. and John E. ‘ Lopatka, The Microsoft Case: Antitrust, High Technology, and Consumer Welfare University of Chicago Press. 2009.

WIPO, Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowledge, WIPO Publication No. 920 (E), Geneva, 2001.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.