Pengaruh Sumber Daya Pertanian terhadap Perkembangan Usaha Agribisnis serta Implikasinya pada Lapangan Kerja, Tingkat Kemiskinan, dan Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Petani di Kabupaten Pati, Jawa Tengah

Djoko Udjianto

Abstract


The problems under study were: the level of poverty and household welfare of farmers in Pati
Regency, Central Java and the factors of agricultural resource that influence it, namely: agricultural
input, business capital aid, technology, rural infrastructure, marketing of product, agribusiness
development, and employment. The development of the agribusiness sector is the economic transition
process required for the improvement and sustainability of income and social welfare in an agrarian
society.
The fundamental problems faced by farmers in Indonesia are the lack of access to sources of
capital, limited market accessibility, arable land is narrow, not yet optimal utilization of technology,
agricultural productivity remains low, and farmers' organizations are still weak. Currently, the
empowerment of rural communities by the Government through the PUAP and LM3 program. Not yet
known how the contribution of strengthening the agricultural resources in the development of
agribusiness sector, employment, poverty reduction, and improving the welfare of rural household in
Pati Regency.
This study used explanatory method to explain the causal relationships in the model of
household welfare of farmers in rural through hypothesis testing. Data compiled in the form of cross-
sectional between farmer group alliances in Pati Regency. The research model is formulated as a
model of Cobb-Douglas and analyzed using linear regression through ordinary least squares (OLS)
method.
The findings of research were: (1) The agricultural input, business capital aid, technology,
rural infrastructure and marketing of product positively affect agribusiness development, (2) The
agribusiness development had positive effect on employment, (3) The agribusiness development and
employment negatively affect the level of poverty, and (4) The employment positively affect household
welfare of farmers, while the level of poverty had negative effect on household welfare fo farmers.
Some response variables relatively elastic on the variable stimulus, while others in-elastic. Low
elasticities indicated the utilization of production factors for the agribusiness development were not
optimal, especially in technology, marketing of product and rural infrastructure. The agribusiness
development and employment were also not enough to push the reduction of poverty and improving
the household welfare of farmers as a consequence.

Keywords : Household welfare of farmers, poverty, employment, agribusiness development


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37721/je.v15i3.237

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