Pengaruh Faktor-Faktor Inflasi terhadap Investasi Asing Langsung dan Pengangguran serta Dampaknya Kepada Daya Beli Masyarakat di Indonesia

Francisca Sestri

Abstract


Background problem of this research was the inflation in Indonesia considered to
be still higher than that in the other ASEAN countries, the rate still needed control toattract
foreign direct investments which were decreasing in the recent years. The form of foreign
direct investment was mostly from capital-intensive, so that it could not elevate the
unemployment and could not increase the purchasing power of the Indonesian people.
The purposes ofthis research was to examine and analyze the inflation factors (caused by
both theaggregate demand and cost pressures of national production) against the foreign
direct investment and unemployment and their impact on the people’s purchasing power in
Indonesia.
This research used secondary datatime series for 32 years since 1982 to2013.The
research method used is explanatory research to explain the causal relationship between
the variables in a model, through hypothesis testing. The analysis employed statistical
technique of simple and multiple linear regression.
Theresults of the research showed that these factors of money supply M2, price of
fuel, ICOR, interest rate,exchange rate, and the terms of trade are simultaneously and
partially effect on inflation. Inflation gives positive effect on foreign direct investment and
unemployment.
Furthermore,inflation, foreign direct investment, and unemployment have
simultaneously and partialy on the people’s purchasing powerin Indonesia. This research
has also found dominant factors wich effect inflation (ranked from the most dominant to the
lesser): exchange rate, interest rate(cost push inflation), and thepriceof fuel, money supply
M2(demand pull inflation).And the most dominant factor that influence the people’s
purchasing power in Indonesia is unemployment.
Keywords: Inflation factors, FDI, unemployment, purchasing powerin Indonesia.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37721/je.v17i1.262

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