Dampak Investasi Pemerintah di Sektor Pendidikan dan Kesehatan terhadap Nilai Tambah Bruto,Import Content, dan Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja di Indonesia

Sumarni Sumarni

Abstract


The issues examined were the government investment in education and health and its impact to gross
value added, import content and labor absorption in Indonesia. This research is motivated about the
importance of government investment in education and health sectors in encouraging the development of
human resources, given the low productivity of labor in Indonesia. Reports from the world economic forum
shows Indonesia's competitiveness at international level is still relatively low at 38 on a scale of 50. The
Indonesian government has increased investment in the education sector by at least 20 percent of the state
budget in the health sector and is expected to reach 5 percent. The study aims to analyze the impact of
government investment in education and health to gross value added, import content, and employment
based on Input-Output analysis.
The method used is quantitative analysis approach Leontief Input-Output. Input-Output Analysis
focused on the analysis of the impact of government investment in education and health as a component of
government spending in the structure of final demand on gross value added, import content and labor
absorption. Sectors analyzed are as many as 34 sectors of the economy.
The results showed: (1) The government investment in education and health sectors have an impact on
the gross value added. The impact of investment in education and health sectors simultaneously on the
gross value added was lower than the impact of investment in education sector partially, but was higher
than the impact of investment in health sector partially; (2) The government investment in education and
health sectors have an impact on the import content. The impact of investment in education and health
sectors simultaneously on the import content was lower than the impact of investment in education sector
partially, but was higher than the impact of investment in health sector partially; (3) The government
investment in education and health sectors have an impact on the labor absorption. The impact of
investment in education and health sectors simultaneously on the labor absorption was lower than the
impact of investment in education sector partially, but was higher than the impact of investment in health
sector partially; (4) The backward and forward linkage of government education services sector was lower
than government health services sector. The backward linkage of government health services sector was
strong, but the forward linkage was weak. Meanwhile, the backward and forward linkage of government
education services sector was weak.

Keywords: government investments, gross value added, import content, labor absorption


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37721/je.v18i2.291

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