Investasi Sektor Otomotif dan Implikasinya pada Import Content, Nilai Tambah Bruto (NTB) dan Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja di Indonesia

Joonner Rambe

Abstract


This research is motivated that in the implementation of development will depend on the
availability of good transportation and adequate. To meet these needs, will depend on the automotive
sector investment in Indonesia. Tire development of the automotive sector investment fruktuatif occur
each year in Indonesia.
The purpose of this study to determine the factors that affect the automotive sector investment
and the implications for the Import Content, Gross Value Added (NTB) and Labor Absorption in
Indonesia. This dissertation is expected to provide input to the Indonesian government and investors in
the automotive sector efforts to increase investment to improve the Gross Value Added ( NTB ) and
Manpower Absorption.
This study uses two tools of analysis, namely regression analysis and analysis of Input-Output.
The results of quantitative analysis for the model structure, acquired that interest, GDP, exchange rate,
inflation, simultaneously very significant influence on investment. There is a positive and significant
effect in each of the Interest Rate, Economic Growth, Exchange Rate, the Automotive Investment, while
inflation has a positive effect but not significant. The results of quantitative analysis for the structure of
a second model, There is a very significant influence on the Import Content Automotive Investment,
Gross Value Added and Labor Absorption.
Results Input-Output analysis, that the automotive sector investments provide a significant
impact on: wages, depreciation, operating surplus and indirect taxes. Thus the automotive sector is a
key sector in development, to increase added value.

Keywords : Automotive Sector Investment, Interest Rate, Economic Growth (GDP), Exchange Rate,
inflation, Import Content, Gross Value Added (NTB), Labor Absorption, Likage Backward and
Forward Linkage in Indonesia.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37721/je.v18i2.292

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