Faktor Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ketimpangan Distribusi Pendapatan dan Implikasinya terhadap Kemiskinan di Propinsi Sumatera Selatan

Muhammad Rozali

Abstract


The problem background of this research was Indonesia’s national economy that has stagnant growth of income inequality (Gini ratio) and increasing number of poor people, in despite of the national GDP growth indicator (GNP) has been increasing for several years. Regional economic growth in South Sumatra also increased based on GDP indicators, but the income distribution inequality has been slightly increased and South Sumatra’s inflation rate has greatly fluctuated in 2007-2017. Furthermore, farmer exchange rates, export values, human development index, and interest rate movements in South Sumatra has been declining in 2017 compared to 2007, despite the fact that overall infrastructure development has a tendency to keep increasing annualy.

 

The purpose of this study was to examine and analyze the direct effects of inflation, farmer exchange rates, exports, human development index, infrastructure, and interest rates on the income distribution inequality in the South Sumatra.

 

The research findings show that independent variables such as inflation, farmer exchange rates, exports, human development index, infrastructure, and interest rates have a significant effect simultaneously on income inequality in South Sumatra, while the exchange rate of farmers, exports and infrastructure has a significant partial effect on inequality income in South Sumatra. Furthermore, this study also finds that income inequality has a significant effect on poverty in the South Sumatra.

 

Keywords: Inequality of Income Distribution, Inflation, Farmer Exchange Rates, Exports, Human Development Index, Infrastructure, Interest Rates, Poverty

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Hakim. 2010. Ekonomi Pembangunan, penerbit Ekonisia Kampus Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta, Cetakan ketiga.

Agusalim, Lestari. 2016. Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Ketimpangan Pendapatan dan Desentralisasi di Indonesia. KINERJA, Volume 20, No.1, Th. 2016: Hal. 53-68

Agusalim, Lestari. 2017. The Dynamic Impact of Trade Openness on Poverty: An Empirical Study of Indonesia’s Economy. International Journal of Economics and Financial 2017, 7(1), Hal. 566-574

Algifari, 2010. Analisis Regresi, Teori, Kasus dan Solusi, Edisi Kedua, Penerbit. BPFE UGM, Yogyakarta

Ali, Sharafat. 2014. Inflation, Income Inequality and Economic Growth in Pakistan: A Cointegration Analysis. International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2014 (January), Hal. 33-42

Apridar. 2012. Ekonomi Internasional, Sejarah, Teori, Konsep dan Permasalahan. Dalam Aplikasinya. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Arsyad, L. 2005. Pengantar Perencanaan Pembangunan Ekonomi Daerah. Yogyakarta: BPFE

Asmanto, Priadi dan Sekar Suryandari. 2008. Cadangan Devisa, Financial Deeping,dan Stabilisasi Nilai Tukar Riil Rupiah Akibat Gejolak Nilai Tukar Perdagangan. Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan, Bank Indonesia, 11 (2):h:121-153.

Atif, Syed Muhammad; Srivastav, Mudit; Sauytbekova, Moldir; dan Arachchige, Udeni Kathri. 2012. Globalization and Income Inequality: A Panel Data Analysis of 68 Countries. www.econstor.eu diunduh pada tanggal 25 Pebruari 2018

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). 2008, Indeks Pembangunan Manusia 2006-2007. BPS, Jakarta

Badan Pusat Statistik, 2016. Perhitungan dan Analisis Kemiskinan Makro Indonesia. Jakarta; BPS

Berisha, Edmond., John Meszaros dan Eric Olson. 2018. Income inequality, equities, household debt, and interest rates: Evidence from a century of data. Journal of International Money and Finance 80 (2018), Hal. 1–14

Bhatt, P.R. 2013. Causal Relationship Between Exports, FDI and Income: The Case of Vietnam. Applied Econometrics and International Development Vol. 13-1 (2013), Hal. 161-176

Boediono. 2009. Seri Sinopsis Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi No. 5: Teori Moneter. Yogyakarta: BPFE,

Cerdeiro, Diego dan Andras Komaromi. 2017. The Effect of Trade on Income and Inequality: a Cross-Sectional Approach. International Monetary Fund

Charlery, Lindy C., Matin Qaim dan Carsten Smith-Hall. 2015. Impact of infrastructure on rural household income and inequality in Nepal. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 2015 Hal. 1-21 http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rjde20 diunduh pada tanggal 30 Januari 2018

Chotia, Varun dan N V M Rao. 2017. Investigating The Interlinkages Between Infrastructure Development, Poverty and Rural - Urban Income Inequality: Evidence From Brics Nations. 2017. www.emeraldinsight.com diunduh pada tanggal 30 Januari 2018

Cremin, P. & Nakabugo, M.G. 2012. Education, development and poverty reduction: A literature critique. International Journal of Educational Development, 32(4), Hal. 499–506

Credit-Suisse Research Institute.2018 .Global Wealth data Book

De Mendonça, Helder Ferreira dan André Oliveira Da Fonseca. 2012. Corruption, income, and rule of law: empirical evidence from developing and developed economies. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, vol. 32, no. 2 (127), April-June/2012, Hal. 305-314

Enders, W. 2004. Applied Econometric Time Series. 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. America

Engle, R. F. and Granger, C.W.J. 1987. Cointegration and Error Correction Representation, Estimation and Testing. Econometrica, 55, hh 251-276

Era Dabla-Norris, Kalpana Kochhar, Nujin Suphaphiphat, Frantisek Ricka, Evridiki Tsounta. 2015. “Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality: A Global Perspective.” IMF Staff Discussion Notes, June 2015 SDN/15/13

Feriyanto, Andri. 2015. Perdagangan Internasional “Kupas Tuntas Prosedur Ekspor Impor”. Kebumen: MEDIATERA.

Fosu, Augustin Kwasi. 2010. Growth, Inequality and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries: Recent Global Evidence. Background Paper for the Global Development Outlook 2010. OECD Development Centre

Fox. W. 1994. Strategic options for urban infrastructure manage-ment. Urban Management Programme Policy Paper 17. Washington D.C: World Bank.

Gujarati, Damodar. 2003. Ekonometri Dasar. Terjemahan, Sumarno Zain, Jakarta: Erlangga

Gujarati, Damodar. 2006. Dasar-Dasar Ekonometrika. Jakarta: Erlangga

Gujarati, Damodar. 2008. Dasar-dasar Ekonometrika (Teori, Konsep dan Aplikasi dengan SPSS 17. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro

Halmos, Kornél. 2011. The Effect of FDI, Exports and GDP on Income Inequality in 15 Eastern European Countries. Acta Polytechnica Hungarica Vol. 8, No. 1, 2011, Hal 123-136

Hariadi, Pramono. 2009. Economic Growth, Income Distrbution and Poverty in Central Java. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, December 2009 1(3), hh 219-231

Hossain, Mohammad Amzad., Laila Haseen dan Nazneen Jabin. 2009. Dynamics and Causality among Exports, Imports and Income in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Development Studies Vol. XXXII, June 2009, No. 2, Hal. 101-113

Ho-Yin Yue et al. 2011. Income Inequality, Economic Growth and Inflation: A Study on Korea. Int. J. Eco. Res., 2011 2(5), Hal. 14-21

Houghton, J. dan SR. Khandker. 2009. Handbook on Poverty and Inequality. World Bank

Huda, Nurul. Dkk. 2008. Ekonomi Makro Islam. Jakarta: PT. Kencana Prenada Media

Ismail. 2011. Perbankan Syariah. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group

Jaumotte, Florence., Subir Lall, dan Chris Papageorgiou. 2013. Rising Income Inequality: Technology, or Trade and Financial Globalization? IMF Economic Review Vol. 61, No. 2, 2013, Hal. 271-309

Jin, Yi. 2009. A Note on Inflation, Economic Growth, and Income Inequality. Macroeconomic Dynamics, 13, 2009, Hal. 138–147

Judisseno, Rimsky K. 2005, Perpajakan (Edisi Revisi). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Karim, Adiwarman. 2008. Ekonomi Makro Islami. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada

Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/ Bappenas. 2016. Perekonomian Indonesia Tahun 2016 : Prospek dan Kebijakan. Unit Kerja Staf Ahli Menteri PPN Bidang Sinergi Ekonomi dan Pembiayaan

Makmuri, Amien. 2017. Infrastructure and inequality: An empirical evidence from Indonesia. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets, 9(1) April 2017, Hal. 29-39

Mishkin, Frederic S. 2008. Ekonomi Uang, Perbankan, dan Pasar Keuangan. Edisi 8. Jakarta: Salemba Empat

Mitrakos, Theodore. 2014. Inequality, Poverty and Social Welfare in Greece: Distributional Effects of Austerity. Working Paper no. 174 Bank of Greece

Moges, Abu Girma. 2013. Economic Growth, Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries: Policy Issues and Challenges. The International Journal of Economic Policy Studies Volume 8 2013 Article 3, hh 41-66

Moteff, John, Claudia Copeland dan John Fischer. 2003. Critical Injrastructure: What Makes An Injrastructure Critical? Congressional Research Service.

Mukhtar. 2013. Metode Praktis Penelitian Deskriptif Kualitatif. Jakarta: Referensi (GP Press Group)

Murni, A. 2009. Ekonomika Makro. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama

Nishi, Hiroshi. 2014. Comparative evaluation of post-Keynesian interest rate rules, income distribution and firms’ debts for macroeconomic performance. Cambridge Journal of Economics 2014, Hal. 1-31

Prasetyo, Bayu Agung., Dominicus Savio Priyarsono dan Sri Mulatsih. 2013. Infrastructure, Economic Growth and Inequality in Indonesia Land Borders. Economic Journal of Emerging Markets October 2013 5(2), Hal. 92-98

Prasetyo, P. Eko. 2008. The Quality of Growth : Peran Teknologi dan Investasi Human Capital Sebagai Pemacu Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Berkualitas. JEJAK, Volume 1, Nomor 1, September, 2008, Hal. 1-15

Ruauw, E. 2010. Nilai tukar petani sebagai indikator kesejahteraan petani. Jurnal Penelitian ASE, 6 (2), 1-8.

Salvatore, Dominick. 1997. Ekonomi Internasional, alih bahasa oleh Haris Munandar edisi 5 cetak 1. Jakarta: Erlangga

Santos, Amelia U. dan Paulino. 2012. Trade, Income Distribution and Poverty in Developing Countries: A survey. Discussion Papers No. 207. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

Siringi, E. M. dan Manaseh Oiro. 2011. Impact of Inflation on Income Inequality: Lessons from Kenyan Economy. Asian-African Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2011, Hal. 113-134

Sudarlan. 2015. Contribution Of Human Development Index On Per Capita Income Growth And Poverty Alleviation In Indonesia. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research Volume 4, Issue 08, August 2015, Hal. 173-178

Sukirno, Sadono. 2010. Makro Ekonomi Teori Pengantar. Edisi Ketiga. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers

Syamsuddin. HM, H. 2011. Perhitungan Indeks Gini Ratio dan Analisis Kesenjangan Distribusi Pendapatan Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat Tahun 2006-2010. Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol.1, No.4 Oktober 2011, Hal. 83-102

Thalassinos, Eleftherios., Erginbay Uğurlu, Yusuf Muratoğlu. 2012. Income Inequality and Inflation in the EU. European Research Studies, Volume XV, Issue (1), 2012. Hal. 127-140

Todaro M.P. 2009. Pembangunan Ekonomi di Dunia Ketiga. Jakarta: Erlangga

Urata, Shujiro, dan Dionisius A. Narjoko. 2017. International Trade and Inequality. ADBI Working Paper Series 675. Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute

Widarjono, Agus, 2006. Ekonometrika Untuk Analisis Ekonomi dan Keuangan. Jakarta: UI.

Wirasasmita, Yuyun, 2008. Uji Kelayakan Model. Bandung: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Padjajaran

Yasmeen, Ghazala., Razia Begum dan Bahaudin G. Mujtaba. 2011. Human Development Challenges and Opportunities in Pakistan: Defying Income Inequality and Poverty. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly Vol. 2, No. 3, 2011, Hal 1-12




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37721/je.v22i1.626

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.