Pengaruh Ekspor Handicraft Terhadap Peningkatan Pendapatan Pengrajin dan Implikasinya Terhadap Pembangunan Nasional

Muchsin Ridjan

Abstract


Exports and investment play an important role in the economic activity of a country. Exports
will generate income that will be used to finance the import of capital goods and raw materials required
in the production process that will create value added. Aggregation of value added generated by all units
of production in the economy is the value of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Economic growth
supported by investment and exports will be able to create jobs which in turn will increase the national
income. Handicraft is one of the sub-sectors of creative industries. Indonesia is rich in a variety of
handicraft done by many people and many take advantage of local raw materials. Unfortunately, until
now the contribution of the export of non-oil handicraft is still very low. In fact, the potential to be the
mainstay of handicraft products to compete in the global marketplace.
This study aimed to: 1) Conduct studies and analyzes about whether there is and how much
influence simultaneously and partially GDP USA, Middle Rate USD, BOP Indonesia, Shopping ICT /
IT, Education Expenditures to export handicraft products. 2) Conduct studies and analyzes about
whether there are and how much influence the export of handicraft craftsmen increase revenue. 3)
Conduct studies and analyzes about whether there are and how much influence the export of
handicrafts and craftsmen to simultaneously increase the income of national development.
The research approach refers to the Cobb-Douglas production function. In connection with the
paradigm of macroeconomic theory, the theory of production can be seen from the end of a maximized
output in an economy is through the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). To declare a function Coob-
Dauglas production in linear form, the production function is transformed in log-linear form is common
in econometric analysis. The data in this study is a secondary data obtained from BPS Indonesia, in the
form of Revenue Craftsmen, Indonesia's GDP, GDP USA, Middle rate USD, BOP Indonesia, Shopping
ICT / IT and education spending and the value of exports from the annual reports of Indonesian
Handicraft Export of Handicraft, period 1980 to 2009, which are arranged in the form of time series
data (time series) and quantitative. The analysis in this study using multivariate regression with software
tools Eviews7.
The results were: 1) In simultaneous and partial GDP USA, Middle Rate USD, BOP Indonesia,
Shopping ICT / IT, education spending has a significant effect on handicraft exports and GDP partially
USA, Middle Rate USD, and Shopping ICT / IT impact positive and significant impact on exports of
handicraft products but BOP Indonesia and Shopping Education has no significant positive effect on
exports of handicraft products. 2) Export of handicraft products have a positive and significant effect on
income of craftsmen. 3) Export of handicraft products and Revenue Craftsmen significant effect on
Indonesia's GDP and 4) Export of handicraft products directly influence the income artisans and
handicraft exports also affects indirectly through income artisans as intervening significantly to the
GDP of Indonesia.
Suggestion that BOP Indonesia is need to increased, mastering ICT / IT or ICT, in order to
enhance the creativity of the craftsmen export handicraft products based on the creative economy and
the need for solutions to reduce or even eliminate obstacles or barriers in education and training for
artisans to improve the quality and creativity of handicraft products Indonesia, and handicraft
industries are permitted to acquire working capital though bank loans that increased craftmen welfare
and GDP Indonesia

Keywords: GDP USA, Middle Rate USD, BOP Indonesia, ICT / IT Spending, Education
Spending, Exports handicraft products, income of craftsmen , Indonesia's GDP.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37721/je.v15i1.228

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