BIM-Integrated Construction Safety Risk Assessment at the Design Stage of Building Projects


  • Indah Suci Rahayu Universitas Mercu Buana



Construction safety, Safety risk assessment, Building information modeling, Design stage


The construction industry has a higher rate of work accidents than other industries. As a proactive approach to safety management, Construction Hazard Prevention through Design (CHPtD) can significantly eliminate or reduce construction safety risks. This method consists of three indices namely Likelihood, Consequence and Exposure. Likelihood and consequence index of 19 construction jobs using 2018 injury and death data. Only 4 types of work are shown in this case. The findings conclude that the index of relative mortality frequency (RFI) of roofers (47-2180) and the index of relative frequency of day-going injuries (RDAIFI) of construction workers (47-2060) are relatively high. In addition, construction equipment operators relative day-to-day injury severity (RDAIS) rates (47–2070) are 3.3 times that of roof operators (47–2180). These results validate that using plug-ins in Revit can quickly calculate the construction safety risks of various design plans in a very short time and show that the plug-ins developed have very good engineering application value.

Author Biography

Indah Suci Rahayu, Universitas Mercu Buana

Department of Civil Engineering


A. Golabchi, S.U. Han, S. (2018). Abourizk, A simulation and visualization-based framework of labor effciency and safety analysis for prevention through design and planning. Automation in Construction, 96 (Dec), 310–323,

D. Hardison, M. Hallowell. (2019). Construction hazard prevention through design: review of perspectives, evidence, and future objective research agenda. Safety Science. 120(Dec), 517–526,

F.A. Manuele. (2008). Prevention through design (PtD): history and future, Journal of Safety Research, 39(2), 127–130,

Health and Safety Executive. (2019). Workplace Fatal Injuries in Great Britain, Available online:, (accessed on 2 July 2020).

J.F. Yuan, X.W. Li, X. Xiahou, N. Tymvios, Z. Zhou, Q.M. Li. (2019). Accident prevention through design (PtD): integration of building information modeling and PtD knowledge base, Automation in Construction, 102(Jun), 86–104,

K.F. Chien, Z.H. Wu, S.C. Huang. (2104). Identifying and assessing critical risk factors for BIM projects: empirical study. Automation in Construction, 45(Sep), 1–15,

M. Behm. (2005). Linking construction fatalities to the design for construction safety concept. Safety Science, 43(8), 589–611,

M.D. Martinez Aires, M.C. Rubio Gamez, A. Gibb. (2010). Prevention through design: the effect of European directives on construction workplace accidents. Safety Science, 48(2), 248–258,

Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD). (2019). Available online: (accessed on 2 July 2020).

N. Tymvios, J. Gambatese, D. Sillars. (2012). Designer, Contractor, and Owner Views on the Topic of Design for Construction Worker Safety, Construction Research Congress. American Society of Civil Engineers, 341–355,

Puteh, Z. (2022). Perancangan Small Office Home Office Dengan Pendekatan. Jurnal KaLIBRASI - Karya Lintas Ilmu Bidang Rekayasa Arsitektur, Sipil, Industri., 5(1), 1–21.

Q. Abueisheh, P. Manu, A.M. Mahamadu, C. Cheung. (2020). Design for safety implementation among design professionals in construction: The context of Palestine. Safety Science, 128(Aug), 104742,

R.S. Nizam, C. Zhang, L. Tian. (2018). BIM-based tool for assessing embodied energy for buildings, Build. Energy Effciency, 170(Jul), 1–14,

S. Zhang, K. Sulankivi, M. Kiviniemi, I. Romo, C.M. Eastman, J. Teizer. (2015). BIM-based fall hazard identifcation and prevention in construction safety planning. Safety Science, 72(Feb) 31–45,